Lozanov Learning Method Popular with Foreign Languages
The Lozanov learning method is most often used when teaching foreign languages, although the methodology can be applied to any subject. It was developed during the 1960s by Dr. Georgi Lozanov, a Bulgarian psychiatrist, psychotherapist, and teacher.
The idea is that children and adults can learn more material in a shorter period of time if both the right and left hemispheres of the brain are engaged. This requires the use of classical music, art, and playful engagement within the classroom.
As the years have gone by, instructors have including breathing techniques, yoga and other relaxation methods to further amplify the student’s ability to learn. Although it is not one of the more popular or widespread methods, scientific evaluations indicate that it is very effective.
Suggestopedia: Another Lozanov Learning Method
“Suggestopedia” is another of the methods developed by Lozanov. People are sometimes referring to suggestopedia when they speak of him. In his books, he said that people can learn 3-5 times faster when his methods are employed, as opposed to the more conventional methods.
Of course, the conventional methods of his time may have been quite different from those used today. Many classrooms are more relaxed than they were in the 1940s, 50s and 60s, which may be due to teacher’s exposure to the Lozanov learning method and contribution to the field of education.
Suggestopedia was one of the first methods to make use of positive reinforcement. Today, praise and the reward system are deemed much more effective than punishment for poor performance. So, the effectiveness of the Lozanov learning method is supported by most educators.
The problem is that traditional educational materials, particularly text books, are not very useful in his methods. According to his way of thinking, text books do not present information in order to be processed or “absorbed” most efficiently by the brain.
Text books can, however, be adapted by teachers to be used in the Suggestopedia format. An educator in Brazil has a training course that allows teachers to make use of traditional books in the Lozanov learning method.
Some studies indicate that those students who are taught English as a second language using these suggestive methods become as fluent as people to whom English is the native language. There is less evidence concerning other subjects, but when it comes to languages, the suggestive methods are very effective.
One tenet is that to learn is to have fun. The students are encouraged to sing, play games and communicate with each other using their new language skills. The teachers are encouraged to join in on the games in a genuine and friendly manner.
The Lozanov learning method has received some criticism from other psychologists. But, other educators are, for the most part, in favor of it.
Lozanov Learning Method Filed Under Accelerated Learning
Additional Resources for the Lozanov Learning Method
Superlearning by Sheila Ostrander
Accelerated Learning by Colin Rose